Tuesday, September 27, 2011 7 comments

PMR 2011 Forecast - What will come out in PMR English 2011?

The clock is ticking really fast. PMR is only a few days away. I'm sure most of the PMR candidates have put a lot of effort and time to do their revision. Well done! That means, by God's will, you're fully prepared for any questions that will come out in the examination. 

Nevertheless, I believed that there are some students who have still not done enough preparation yet. Don't worry you still have time to study. You may browse through my blog to get some tips on how to answer PMR English.

Let's get back to the main topic. Does anyone know what will come out in PMR English 2011? Does anyone out there gets any "soalan ramalan"?

Well, like the rest of you, I don't know for sure either. HOWEVER, a very kind acquaintance of mine gave me a few hints on what MIGHT come out in PMR English 2011 (I would say it's a strong hunch from her). Just so you know, she's been teaching English for almost 3 decades! She's also an examiner for PMR & SPM. So, her hunches could be taken into your kind consideration :)

First and foremost, you should study everything but FOCUS more on the following topics: 

Paper 1:


Paper 2:
Based on the trend of questions that came out in the 2011 PMR trials from most states, SBP & MRSM:

  • Section A (Guided Writing): Report writing related to an event in school (Teacher's Day, National Day, 1Student 1Sport 1 Malaysia, etc.)
  • Section C (Literature): Questions related to events in the story, the theme of determination & lesson learnt


Strive for the best! Good Luck ^_^


[Latest Update] MORE HUNCH IN THE COMMENT SECTION BELOW! 
Thanks Nor..PMR candidates would really appreciate it.
    Wednesday, September 21, 2011 6 comments

    PMR Writing Tips - What To Do When You Are Stuck?

    Here's a situation:

    Amira was in the middle of writing an essay in an exam. Suddenly, her writing got stuck. She could'nt get the right English vocab for the word "berkhasiat". She thought really hard for the correct word but in vain. Finally, she gave up and wrote "Fruits are berkhasiat for us to eat."

    Does Amira's situation sound familiar?

    What can you do if you face the same problem like Amira? What is the best solution in overcoming the above situation without feeling worried of losing marks? 

    The answer is - SIMPLIFY!

    Step 1
    Let's say you don't know the word "berkhasiat", which means nutritious in English, but you know that something which is "berkhasiat" is "baik". 

    Step 2:
    The word "baik" means "good" in English.

    So,
    If you are trying to write/say that "Fruits are berkhasiat for us to eat", you can write/say "Fruits are good for us to eat."

    Here's another example:
    The rich man menyumbangkan (contributed) a lot of money to the poor every year.

    Step 1:
    The word "menyumbangkan" is related to "benda yang baik" and "memberi sesuatu".

    Step 2:
    "benda yang baik" means "good".
    "memberi sesuatu" means "gives

    So,
    "The rich man menyumbangkan a lot of money to the poor every year" can be simplified as,
    "The rich man is a good man. He gives a lot of money to the poor every year."

    Did you get the idea?

    REMEMBER! When you don't know a word in English, always SIMPLIFY
    ! You'll never get stuck anymore :)

    Good Luck! 


    I would like to say thanks to Coach Sha & Coach Ridz (above picture) for giving the tips on simplifying during the Fasih Bahasa Inggeris Seminar (FBI) that was conducted in my school last few months. Both of you are indeed the best! If you would like to learn more tips on how to improve your English the "selamba" way, you can invite Coach Sha & Coach Ridz to your school.
    Sunday, September 18, 2011 8 comments

    Gempur PMR English 2011 by JPN Perak


    A good friend of mine, Miss Mumu of SABK Maahad Al-Imam Asy-Syafiee, has kindly shared with me the Gempur PMR English materials 2011 which she received from a programme organised by Perak Education Department (JPN Perak). The materials were prepared by the experienced teachers who teach in Perak.
    Great knowledge would only be worthless if they are not shared with the right people. So, I've put all the materials in my blog and teachers can download them at the given links. Feel free to adopt and adapt the materials to suit the English level of your students.
    Gempur PMR English - Part 1 [Download Part 1
    Part 1 consists of 1 folder & 11 PowerPoint slides prepared by Great Teacher Yau:
    1. Grammar : Adjectives
    2. Grammar : Articles
    3. Grammar : Nouns
    4. Grammar : Simple Past Tense
    5. Grammar : Subject-Verb Agreement
    6. Grammar : Verbs
    7. Sentence Patterns
    8. Sentence Pattern : S + T + A
    9. Sentence Pattern : S + V + O
    10. Sentence Pattern : There is + S + place
    11. Approaches For Weak Students
    12. Jazz Chants Folder

    Gempur PMR English - Part 2 [Download Part 2
    Part 2 consists of 3 Word Documents & 3 PowerPoint slides prepared by Great Teacher Sharifah of MCKK:
    1. Band descriptors & sample essays
    2. Guided essay module 2011
    3. How to answer a question on novels (Prisoner of Zenda)
    4. Literature (Prisoner of Zenda)
    5. PMR Guided Essay 2010
    6. Summary PMR JPN 2011

    Gempur PMR English - Part 3 [Download Part 3
    Part 3 consists of 1 Word Document & 5 PowerPoint slides on:
    1. PMR English Tips by Great Teacher Linda (MCKK)
    2. PMR English Tips by Great Teacher Khairun Nisa (SABK Maahad  Al Tarbiah  Al Islamiah)
    3. PMR English Tips by Great Teacher Sahila (SMK Ambrose)
    4. PMR English Tips by Great Teacher K.Kumaravadivelan, PPT (SMK St. Anthony)
    5. PMR English Tips by Great Teacher Khalidah (SMK Seri Kandi)
    6. REACT Module Page 162 & 164 (Prisoner of Zenda)

    Credits to
    1. Perak Education Department
    2. All great teachers who had tirelessly prepared the informative & invaluable materials
    3. Last but but not least my dearest friend, Miss Mumu, for sharing these materials with all English teachers in Malaysia
    Saturday, September 17, 2011 0 comments

    Common mistakes students do in writing

    The following are 5 common mistakes that students normally make in writing:

    No.
    Type of mistakes made
    Wrong
    Right
    1.
    Spelling of pronouns
    i, u

    Example:
    i hope u could join us.
    I, You

    Example:
    I hope you could join us.

    2.
    Stringing of sentences
    To combine more then 3 simple sentences in a sentence.

    Example:
    Phobias can limit a person's activities of daily living and may cause nausea and depression also cause anxiety and even panic.

    Do not write lengthy sentences and try to keep them simple.

    Example:
    Phobias can limit a person's activities of daily living. They may cause nausea and depression. This disorder can also cause anxiety and even panic.
    3.
    The use of contractions
    Do not use contractions such as I'm, don't, couldn't, etc to answer most PMR Paper 2 questions.
    Contractions can only be used in writing dialogues and informal letters.


    4.
    The use of modals + also
    also can, also will, etc.

    Example:
    Phobias also can cause anxiety and panic.
    can also, will also, etc.

    Example:
    Phobias can also cause anxiety and panic.

    5.
    I used with a group of people
    I and my family...
    I and my friends...

    Example:
    I and my family are fine.
    My family and I...
    My friends and I...

    Example:
    My family and I are fine.

    [Credits to Pn Z.Z of SMKD, Sepang] 
    23 comments

    PMR Writing Tips - Brainstorming for ideas

    For PMR Paper 2 - Section A, students are required to write an essay based on a series of pictures or notes.

    An example of PMR-type question based on a series of notes. 
    (Click on the picture to enlarge)


    A PMR 2006 question based on a series of pictures & notes. 
    (Click on the picture to enlarge)

    The basic steps to answer this type of question are:
    1. Read & understand the question.
    2. Brainstorm ideas.
    3. Write the essay in an organised paragraphs. Write at least 5 sentences for each paragraph.
    4. Re-read the essay to check on your grammar and spelling.

    Although the pictures/notes are given, a lot of students still have difficulties of finding ideas on what to write in their essay.

    How to find ideas? The answer is BRAINSTORMING!

    In this post, I'll show you how brainstorming can be a great help in elaborating the points/information given to write an essay. 

    Ways to brainstorm ideas are discussed as follows:

    1. Find the words related to the given words.

    Let's say the word given is "holiday". So, think of other words which could be related to the word "holiday". For example:

    (Click on the picture to enlarge)

    Use the new words to write sentences for your essay. For example:

              School holidays came again. That means, there were no school and there will be a lot of free time. Students and teachers used this precious time to relax their mind. This was the time where most families planned some family activities such as going for a vacation or camping at any place of interest. 

    2. Use "Mr. How & his 5 wives" technique.

    This technique refers to the "wh questions" such as:
    • Where?
    • When?
    • Who?
    • Why?
    • What?
    • How?

    By using the following picture, form as many questions as you can using the "wh questions".

    (Click on the picture to enlarge)

    • Where did they travel to?
    • When did they go?
    • Who were in the car?
    • Why did they go there?
    • What were the children/mother/father doing in the car?
    • How was the weather?
    • How was the road condition?
    The answer to each question will be the sentences that you can write for your essay.

    Sample answer to each of the above question:

    Where did they travel to? 
    They travelled to Melaka.

    When did they go? 
    They went to Melaka during the school holidays.

    Who were in the car? 
    In the car, there were his father, Encik Jamil, his mother, Puan Sara, Johan and his younger sister, Lily.

    Why did they go there?
    They went to Melaka to attend a wedding.

    What were the children/mother/father doing in the car?
    Encik Jamil was driving while Puan Sara listening to the radio. Johan and Lily was chatting happily with each other. 

    How was the weather?
    The weather was sunny and the sky was blue.

    How was the road condition?
    The road was quite bumpy.

    The paragraph will look like this:

              During the holidays, Johan and his family travelled to Melaka. They went to Melaka to attend a wedding. In the car, there were his father, Encik Jamil, his mother, Puan Sara, Johan and his younger sister, Lily. Encik Jamil was driving while Puan Sara was listening to the radio. Johan and Lily was chatting happily with each other. The weather was sunny and the sky was blue. The road was quite bumpy.   
              
    3. Observe the picture and list what you see.

    By using the same picture, list what you can see.


    • a car
    • a boy 
    • a girl 
    • a family
    Use the words to write sentences for your essay.

    4. Utilise all the words and information given in the picture.

    Write sentences by using all the notes given to write your essay.


    Form sentences from the notes given to write your essay.

    I hope you'll find that it's not that difficult to find ideas to write an essay for PMR. You are advised to combine all the techniques which have discussed earlier when writing your essay. Nevertheless, it takes a lot of practice to write a good essay. 

    In exam, spend about 10 minutes to brainstorm ideas for your essay. Don't forget to use your imagination and experience to write a well-elaborated composition.

    I wish you all the best for the coming PMR :)

    [Credits to Pn Z.Z of SMKD, Sepang] 
    Friday, September 16, 2011 3 comments

    PMR - Summary Tips

    1) Awarding of marks
    • Content - 5 marks 
    • Language - 5 marks
    • Total - 10 marks

    2) Your summary will be assessed based on the following:
    • Ability to identify main contents.
    • Ability to write the main contents in your own words without changing the original meaning.

    3) Things to remember:
    • Use the 10 words (introductory line) given.
    • Make sure the spellings are correct.
    • Leave out unnecessary details like explanations and repetitions.
    • Check the pronoun to be used (I, you, she, he).
    • Do not write more than 60 words.
    • If your summary is longer than the words allowed, you might have included irrelevant points.
    • If your summary is too short, you might have missed out important points.

    How to earn maximum marks for summary?

    1) Rearrange the sentence

    This hobby enriches one's geographical and historical knowledge of a country.

    (Arranged as)

    One's geographical and historical knowledge of a country can be enriched.

    2) Replace some words with synonyms

    This would enhance family ties.

    This would strengthen family ties.

    (but make sure the new word does not change the meaning or the idea presented by the content point)

    3) Add sequence connectors & conjunctions

    Example of sequence connectors: Firstly, Secondly, Next, Then, Moreover, Besides, etc.

    Example of conjunctions: and, or, etc.

    Example of sentence:
    Next, collecting coins enables us to widen our circle of friends and enhance our family ties. (arrange the points as they appear in the original text)

    REMEMBER!
    • Use simple and precise sentences to present your content points.
    • Write the number of words at the bottom right of your answer.
    • Do not exceed the word limit.

    [Credits to Pn Z.Z of SMKD, Sepang] 


    Tuesday, September 6, 2011 33 comments

    Summary Writing Tips (PMR) - For Weak Students

    The tips

    Students, for Paper 2 - Summary (Section B), if you have difficulties to understand what the passage and the question are all about, you are encouraged to use the following tips:
    1. Copy the first 2 sentences of each paragraph starting from the second  paragraph (because the 10 introduction words are taken from the first paragraph).
    2. Copy the sentences in full.
    3. Copy the sentences without any spelling errors.
    4. Copy only 60 words.
    5. If the 60th word is not the last word, ask the students to complete the sentence.
    6. Omit the 10 introductory words.
    7. Use linkers in order to get 3 marks for language.

    Sample question [PMR 2006]

         More and more animals are surrendered to Zoo Negara. Sometimes, the animals are abandoned at the gates.

          Zoo Negara accepts the animals for humane reasons but the dumping of these animals poses management problems for the Malaysian Zoological Society. The dumping of animals here has grown tremendously. Most of these animals are those commonly kept as pets.

        Some animals arrive at the zoo ill and malnourished. Feeding and handling them incur costs. They might even bring diseases and infect other animals. The animals are quarantined for three months before they can go into enclosures or cages, where they are treated for any diseases. As such, they take up the limited quarantine space the zoo has.

         Zoo Negara is unable to keep all the animals dropped at its doorstep. Thus, they are given away to other zoos. Primates, such as monkeys, are released into the forests as they attack each other in shared enclosures.

       The zoo does not accept species listed under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) for fear of illegal origins. However, as some of these animals are just left at the zoo, the management has no choice but to take them in.
    (Adapted from The Star, 2005)

    Write a summary on why Zoo Negara has problems with the animals left at the gates.

    Your summary must:
    • not be more than 60 words, including the 10 words given below
    • be in continuous writing (not note form)
    • be written in one paragraph

    Use your own words as far as possible without changing its original meaning.

    Begin your summary as follows:

              Zoo Negara accepts the abandoned animals but the dumping has ...

    The following shows how the above tips are used

    Step 1: Copy the first 2 sentences of each paragraph starting from the second  paragraph (because the 10 introduction words are taken from the first paragraph).

         More and more animals are surrendered to Zoo Negara. Sometimes, the animals are abandoned at the gates.(ignore the 1st paragraph)

          Zoo Negara accepts the animals for humane reasons but the dumping of these animals poses management problems for the Malaysian Zoological Society. The dumping of animals here has grown tremendously. Most of these animals are those commonly kept as pets.

        Some animals arrive at the zoo ill and malnourished. Feeding and handling them incur costs. They might even bring diseases and infect other animals. The animals are quarantined for three months before they can go into enclosures or cages, where they are treated for any diseases. As such, they take up the limited quarantine space the zoo has.

         Zoo Negara is unable to keep all the animals dropped at its doorstep. Thus, they are given away to other zoos. Primates, such as monkeys, are released into the forests as they attack each other in shared enclosures.

       The zoo does not accept species listed under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) for fear of illegal origins. However, as some of these animals are just left at the zoo, the management has no choice but to take them in.

    Step 2 - 6: Copy the sentences in full without any spelling errors. Copy only 60 words. If the 60th word is not the last word, complete the sentence. Omit the 10 introductory words.

              Zoo Negara accepts the animals for humane reasons but the dumping of these animals poses management problems for the Malaysian Zoological Society. The dumping of animals here has grown tremendously. Some animals arrive at the zoo ill and malnourished. Feeding and handling them incur costs. Zoo Negara is unable to keep all the animals dropped at its doorstep. Thus, they are given away to other zoos. 

    Step 7: Use linkers in order to get 3 marks for language.

              Firstly, Zoo Negara accepts the animals for humane reasons but the dumping of these animals poses management problems for the Malaysian Zoological Society. Secondly, the dumping of animals here has grown tremendously. Then, some animals arrive at the zoo ill and malnourished. Next, feeding and handling them incur costs. Moreover, Zoo Negara is unable to keep all the animals dropped at its doorstep. Thus, they are given away to other zoos. 
    (67 words)

    Content = 3 marks
    Language = 3 marks
    Total = 6 marks

    REMEMBER! The above tips are only meant for struggling or weak students.

    All the best for the coming PMR :)

    [Credits to : The Education Department of Sepang District]
    Monday, September 5, 2011 0 comments

    PMR Literature Tips: Last minute help for weak students

    I would like to share the following tips which were gained from a course organised by the Education Department of Sepang District (PPD Sepang) which was held months ago.  You could also click on the previous post: How to answer PMR Paper 2 - Section C to learn more tips on PMR Literature.

    Literature tips - Use the IMEJ method

    I - Identify what the question wants
    M - Make a statement
    E - Elaborate on the answers
    J - Justify the elaboration by giving textual evidence from the novel

    Framework of the answer
    1. Novel
    2. Author
    3. Introduction
    4. Evidence 1+ Detail
    5. Evidence 2 + Detail
    6. Evidence 3 + Detail
    7. Conclusion (Compulsory)
    * Minimum 2 evidence

    Sample Question - An incident that changed the life of a character

    1. Identify
    • The character - Dr Jekyll
    • Incident - He discovers a new drug
    2. Make a statement
    • An incident/event that changes the life of Dr Jekyll is when he discovers a new drug.
    3. Elaborate
    • Answer the question
    • Where, When, What happened
    4. Justify
    • Answer the question why do you say so using the evidence from the text.


    Sample Answer


              I like to choose Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. It is a horror story. This story shows the good and evil side of a man. Dr Jekyll makes a new drug. He makes the drug in the lab. It makes him to have a double life as good Dr Jekyll and cruel Mr. Hyde. Mr. Hyde is cruel, he tramples a little girl. He also kills Sir Danvers Carew. Then he hides in the lab.


    Last minute help for weak students
    1. Teach them short answers based on the topics – character, themes, events, etc.
    2. Ask them to answer within 40 to 50 words only.
    3. Ask them to memorize sample answer.
    4. Prepare ONE sample answer that can answer multiple question and ask the lazy students to memorize.
    5. It helps them to get at least minimum marks - E2.


    You may view the PowerPoint slides for this topic by clicking at this link: 

    (Credits to: PPD Sepang)

    Saturday, September 3, 2011 35 comments

    How to answer PMR Paper 2 - Section C (Literature)

    PMR 2011 candidates, you are encouraged to use the following framework in order to answer Paper 2 - Section C (Literature):

    PARAGRAPH 1

    1. State the novel that you choose (ONE novel only). 
    2. State the author of the novel.
    3. State briefly what the novel is about.
    4. Write one statement that answers the question.


    You may start Paragraph 1 using one of the following phrase:
    • The novel I have chosen is…
    • I like to choose….
    • The novel I have studied is…..


    Example on how to start Paragraph 1:

                   The novel I have chosen is The Phantom of The Opera written by …… The story is about a love triangle involving Erik, Christine Daae and Raoul. ………………………………………………

    PARAGRAPH 2
    Evidence 1 + Detail

    PARAGRAPH 3
    Evidence 2 + Detail


    PARAGRAPH 4
    Evidence 3 + Detail

    PARAGRAPH 5
    • Conclusion (compulsory)
    • One sentence only
    *Minimum two(2) evidences + details

    Tips to answer literature questions
    Identify key phrases from the question. During examination, it is advisable to use a highlighter or a red pen to highlight the key phrases

    Example 1:
    Based on one novel, describe a good quality that you admire in a character in the novel. [PMR 2010]

    From the above question, the key phrases are:
    • one novelStudents should choose ONE novel only.
    • a good quality in a characterChoose ONE good quality for ONE character.


    Here is the sample answer with explanation:

    SAMPLE ANSWER
    EXPLANATION

              The novel that I choose to answer is Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde written by Robert Louis Stevenson. Briefly, the story is about Dr Jekyll and his alter ego, Mr Hyde. It is a tale of good versus evil amidst a society that practices high moral values. I admire the character of Mr Utterson who is very trustworthy.

    Introduction
    • State the novel that you choose and state the author of the novel
    • State briefly what the novel is about
    • Write one statement that answers the question



              The positive quality of him can be seen when Mr Utterson declined from giving too much information about the affair of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde to Richard Enfield. They were having their usual walk together when this matter was brought up. Mr Utterson realized that it was better to not let anybody know about Dr. Jekyll’s relationship with Mr Hyde.


    Evidence 1 + detail
    Write the first evidence in detail on where Mr Utterson shows that he is trustworthy.

              Dr. Jekyll trusted Mr Utterson to keep his will in Mr Utterson’s safe. Although Mr Utterson was quite troubled by the request, he did it anyway and guarded it. When he knew about the evilness of Mr Hyde, he did not mention about Dr. Jekyll’s will that contains the monster’s name to a single soul. 



    Evidence 2 + detail
    Write the second evidence in detail on where Mr Utterson shows that he is trustworthy.

              At the end of the story, Mr Utterson kept his promise to read Dr. Lanyon’s letter after Dr. Jekyll’s tragic death.  He is a trustworthy fellow and did not to tell anyone about what had happened to Dr. Jekyll. He decided to let the events that had happened to be forgotten for the sake of his friend’s good name.


    Evidence 3 + detail
    Write the third evidence in detail on where Mr Utterson shows that he is trustworthy.

              Mr Utterson is one of the characters that give colours to this story. He is so trustworthy that he became the character that I admire.




    Conclusion
    Write on why you admire the character.
    You can briefly give your own opinion



    Here is the sample answer without explanation:


              The novel that I choose to answer is Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde written by Robert Louis Stevenson. Briefly, the story is about Dr Jekyll and his alter ego, Mr Hyde. It is a tale of good versus evil amidst a society that practices high moral values. I admire the character of Mr Utterson who is very trustworthy.

              The positive quality of him can be seen when Mr Utterson declined from giving too much information about the affair of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde to Richard Enfield. They were having their usual walk together when this matter was brought up. Mr Utterson realized that it was better to not let anybody know about Dr. Jekyll’s relationship with Mr Hyde.

              Dr. Jekyll trusted Mr Utterson to keep his will in Mr Utterson’s safe. Although Mr Utterson was quite troubled by the request, he did it anyway and guarded it. When he knew about the evilness of Mr Hyde, he did not mention about Dr. Jekyll’s will that contains the monster’s name to a single soul. 

              At the end of the story, Mr Utterson kept his promise to read Dr. Lanyon’s letter after Dr. Jekyll’s tragic death.  He is a trustworthy fellow and did not to tell anyone about what had happened to Dr. Jekyll. He decided to let the events that had happened to be forgotten for the sake of his friend’s good name.

              Mr Utterson is one of the characters that give colours to this story. He is so trustworthy that he became the character that I admire.


    Example 2:
    Choose one of the novels above. Then, write about an incident that you think is important. [PMR 2008]


    Key phrases:
    • one novel - choose ONE novel only. 
    • an incident - Choose ONE incident that you think is important.


    Sample answer with explanation:


    SAMPLE ANSWER
    EXPLANATION

              The novel which I have read is The Phantom of the Opera by Gaston Leroux. The story is about a love triangle involving Erik, Christine Daae and Raoul. I found that the disappearance of Christine Daae was very important in the story.

    Introduction
    • State the novel that you choose and state the author of the novel
    • State briefly what the novel is about
    • Write one statement that answers the question


              On the night that Raoul planned to run off with Christine, Erik kidnapped her and took her to his house on the lake. Driven by strong determination, Raoul and the Persian ventured into the underground of the Opera House in the quest of rescuing Christine. Nevertheless, they fell into Erik’s trap. They were tortured to death in the room of mirrors and suffered from thirst from the intense heat in the room. They were unable to help Christine.


    Evidence 1 + detail
    • Write the sequence of the incident in detail.
    • Who were involved?
    • Where the incident took place?
    • What happened?
    • Why & when it happened?


              In order to save Raoul and the Persian’s lives, Christine made a sacrifice by telling Erik that she was willing to marry him. Despite Erik’s hideous face, she agreed to be Erik’s wife. She kissed Erik lovingly on his ugly mouth. Her kindness touched Erik’s heart. Then, Erik set Christine, Raoul and the Persian free.



    Evidence 2 + detail
    • Write the sequence of the incident in detail.
    • Who were involved?
    • Where the incident took place?
    • What happened?
    • Why & when it happened?


              This incident is very important because we learnt that Erik was not at all evil and that he too, was a human with a heart. We also learnt that the Persian was a helpful person and he knew Erik quite well. Apart from that, we learnt that Christine was a very nice young lady and she had a kind soul. Besides that, Raoul was very much in love with Christine and he was willing to look for her even though she was captured by the Phantom of the Opera, Erik.


    Evidence 3 + detail
    • Write on why you think this incident is important
    • What are the moral values from this incident


               I think the disappearance of Christine Daae was very important in the story because there are lots of lessons that can be learnt from the characters’ involved.




    Conclusion
    Briefly state why the incident mentioned is important




    Sample answer without explanation:

              The novel which I have read is The Phantom of the Opera by Gaston Leroux. The story is about a love triangle involving Erik, Christine Daae and Raoul. I found that the disappearance of Christine Daae was very important in the story.

              On the night that Raoul planned to run off with Christine, Erik kidnapped her and took her to his house on the lake. Driven by strong determination, Raoul and the Persian ventured into the underground of the Opera House in the quest of rescuing Christine. Nevertheless, they fell into Erik’s trap. They were tortured to death in the room of mirrors and suffered from thirst from the intense heat in the room. They were unable to help Christine.

              In order to save Raoul and the Persian’s lives, Christine made a sacrifice by telling Erik that she was willing to marry him. Despite Erik’s hideous face, she agreed to be Erik’s wife. She kissed Erik lovingly on his ugly mouth. Her kindness touched Erik’s heart. Then, Erik set Christine, Raoul and the Persian free.

              This incident is very important because we learnt that Erik was not at all evil and that he too, was a human with a heart. We also learnt that the Persian was a helpful person and he knew Erik quite well. Apart from that, we learnt that Christine was a very nice young lady and she had a kind soul. Besides that, Raoul was very much in love with Christine and he was willing to look for her even though she was captured by the Phantom of the Opera, Erik.

              I think the disappearance of Christine Daae was very important in the story because there are lots of lessons that can be learnt from the characters’ involved.

    More important tips!
    1. Answer what the question wants. If the question asks you to write about "an incident that you think is important", just write three(3) or minimum two(2) evidences about "ONE INCIDENT that you think is important" in a novel. Don't write about more than one incident. If you write more, you'll definitely not going to get full 10 marks because your answer shows that you don't understand the question! 
    2. Make sure your answer is organized. Use the suggested framework.
    3. Learn the qualities of one character by heart. Actually, it's important to learn every element in a novel by heart. But, if you have difficulties remembering all those elements (plot, characters, themes, moral values), it's advisable to understand and memorize at least one character's qualities and their respective textual evidence. If you can understand the plot and the characters in a novel, you should be able to answer just any question. Trust me!
    4. Read and check your answer. Does your answer satisfy the question? Have you given enough evidence to support your answer? Do you give any irrelevant points?

    Teachers, 
     
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