Sunday, September 23, 2012

"had" or "has/have"

From: *** <***>
To: nuhazyun@yahoo.com
Sent: Friday, September 21, 2012 8:21 PM
Subject: ENGLISH

Salam. Its a nice and a helpful blog.

I would like to ask a question.

Last Friday, Rahim was on his way to school. He can could1 hear the birds chirping along with in the cold fresh air and it was a sunny day. Suddenly, Rahim bumped into2 saw a bag. He was suspicious. But he wasnt3was not brave enough to open it up. However, after a few minutes, Rahim finally have had the courage to see whats what was inside the bag.

Rahim finally had, why not have or has

***

Teacher Nuha's reply:

Waalaikumussalam ***. Thanks for visiting my blog and asking the question. To answer your question, the above essay about "Rahim" is a narrative (a story). A narrative is written mostly in past tense. Therefore, we have to write

Rahim finally had the courage...

NOT

Rahim finally has the courage...

Explanation: "had" is the past tense for "has"

We cannot write, "Rahim finally have the courage.." This sentence is grammatically wrong because "Rahim" is a singular noun. The verb that follows a singular noun must be a singular verb. For example:

Rahim is a boy. (correct in present tense)
Rahim are a boy. (wrong in present tense)
Rahim was a boy. (correct in past tense)

Rahim has a bag. (correct in present tense)
Rahim have a bag. (wrong in present tense)
Rahim had a bag. (correct in past tense)

Rahim walks to school. (correct in present tense)
Rahim walk to school. (wrong in present tense)
Rahim walked to school. (correct in past tense)

Rahim sees a bag. (correct in present tense)
Rahim see a bag. (wrong in present tense)
Rahim saw a bag. (correct in past tense)

is, has, walks, sees - singular verbs

are, have, walk, see - plural verbs 

I hope that I've cleared your doubts. :)

Teacher Nuha.

To read the above "verb" comic, go to: http://www.grammarmancomic.com/grammarcom1.html

8 comments :

friv10go said...

One explanation is clear and okay, I like these things, have had and are two entirely different words and it denotes a certain meaning.

oscar said...

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Teacher Nuha said...

You're welcome :)

Cindy Dy said...

Awesome there, Great work, keep it up. I love returning back to this site and reading the quality content you always have on offer.

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Anonymous said...

i wish you can be my english teacher at school.... hmm

Teacher Nuha said...

Dear Cindy Dy, thanks for the flattering comment :)

Dear Anonymous, I can always be your teacher even if I don't teach in your school ^_^

Anonymous said...

teacher, idk how to use have,had and has in my essay .. can you tell me how to use it properly? and also the word that we put s behind the word like take -->takes ?

Leslie Lim said...

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