Tuesday, December 27, 2011 51 comments

Novel - How I Met Myself - Teaching Materials (Form 3)

I attended a Form 3 New Literature Component Course before the school session ended this year. I believe that most teachers and students are already aware of the changes in the Form 3 literature starting next year. In Selangor, we'll use "How I Met Myself" by David A. Hill. For more information about the new texts for Form 3 in other states, you may visit http://engoasis.blogspot.com.

One of the JUs, Pn Santhy A/P S. Subramaniam (SMK Seri Sepang), had kindly shared the materials that she presented to us. Thank you very much Puan. May God bless your kindness. I'm sure that many English teachers will benefit from them. You can download these materials by clicking "View on slideshare":


You may also download it here: How I Met Myself - Characters
Unfortunately, the soft copy for the modules were not given to us.
Thursday, December 22, 2011 0 comments

Lesson Study

The school holidays are coming to an end. I should start preparing for 2012. The thing is, all my holiday projects - reading novels, experimenting with new recipes, watching DVDs and jovially doing non-teaching activities - numb my brain to the core. I unwind too much! As a head-start to "recharge" and "liquify" my brain numbness, I decided to restart my blogging activity which was on the back burner for quite a long period. So dear teachers, I would like to share the PowerPoint slides on Lesson Study. (Click the lowest-right button to enlarge the slide)

Lesson study slides courtesy of JPN Selangor
Tuesday, October 4, 2011 0 comments

PMR 2011 - More last minute help!

PMR English papers are just a few hours away. For those who are still looking for more literature and writing tips, you may click on the following links:
  1. Literature: Sample questions & answers (The Phantom of the Opera, Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde)
  2. Literature - An event that changes a character's life (Phantom & Dr. Jekyll)
  3. Recount - Flood experience (Question, Sample Answer)
  4. Informal Letter - Giving opinion
  5. Informal Letter - A gotong-royong campaign
  6. Report writing 1 - Teacher's Day Celebration
  7. Report writing 2 - English Week
  8. Speech writing - The Qualities of a Good Prefect

All answers were written by my Form 3 Istiqamah students. Due to time constraint, I'm not able to re-type the essays & answers. So, the answers might contain some grammatical & spelling errors. Some pages are not so clear when they were scanned. Therefore, I greatly apologize for any inconvenience caused.
Sunday, October 2, 2011 63 comments

Speech Writing - Format

What is a speech?
  1. Speeches are talks delivered in public on formal and informal occasions.
  2. There are many types of speeches such as 'welcome speech', 'thank you speech' and 'farewell speech'. Besides, there are also speeches on topics of interest and social issues.
  3.  The PRESENT TENSE IS USUALLY USED when you write out a speech.

Sample question:
You are the head prefect in your school. At the beginning of the new school term, you have been asked to remind students about the school regulations. Write out your speech using the notes below:-

School uniform
-wear white shoes and socks
-boys - short
-girls - short or long  - long hair must be tied up
Make up-is not allowed in school!


-No loitering
-No handphones
-No jewellery
-No smoking
-Be punctual
-Respect teachers
-Pay attention in class
-No playing truant

When writing the speech, remember to;
-          include all the points given
-          elaborate on the points
-          set out your speech correctly
-          write in paragraph

Sample answer + explanation on the framework (Pay attention to how the points are elaborated)

Sample Answer

Good morning to our principal, teachers and fellow students. Welcome to the new school term.  I am Nuzul Fikrie Ahmad, the head prefect of SMK Raja Muda. This morning, I would like to refresh your memory about our school regulations especially regarding attire and conduct.

Paragraph 1 – INTRODUCTION

1) Greet the audience.
e.g: Good morning / afternoon / evening to
  • boys and girls..
  • our principal, teachers and fellow students… (at an official school function)
  • Mr Chairman, ladies and gentlemen… (at an official function or society meeting)
  • Yang Berhormat, Tan Sri Najib Abdul Rahman, ladies and gentlemen… (if there is a distinguished guest)
2) Introduce yourself to the audience- (your name, position held, department attached to)
e.g: I am Dr Fiqry Nasir from Assunta Hospital in Petaling Jaya.

3) Introduce topic
e.g: I am here to present a talk on the topic ‘Body Fitness.’

4) Purpose of speech
e.g: The purpose of my talk today is to make you realize the importance looking after your food intake and how your health can be maintained through exercising.

To create a good impression, always be dressed neatly in your school uniform complete with white shoes and white socks.  Don’t forget to wear your school badge and name tag.
Your hair should be short and neatly combed.   Boys should always keep their hair short. Girls are allowed to keep long hair but it should always be neatly combed and tied.  No one is allowed to wear jewellery.  If you do, then your jewellery will be confiscated.  In addition, you cannot use make-up.  Your nails should always be kept short.  Remember, no nail polish is allowed.
Regarding your conduct, always be punctual. Respect your teacher and pay attention in class.  Remember, no loitering around and playing truant.  If you don’t comply with the school rules, you will have to face the music.
Last term, several students were suspended or expelled from school for fighting, smoking and other serious offences.  Handphones are banned.  If you bring handphones, they will be confiscated. 

Paragraph 2,3,4,5 – BODY
  • Main points and their elaboration (facts, figures, examples)
  • Elaborate 1 point in 1 paragraph or combine a few relevant points and elaborate in 1 paragraph

These regulations are meant to create a positive image and environment for the school.  There are, of course, some black sheep who will break the regulations.  Do not be influenced by them.  Instead, set a good example for others.
Thank you.

Paragraph 6: Conclusion
  • The speaker’s hope
  • Thank the audience. e.g: Thank you very much for your kind attention.

[Download this topic]

Reference: Minda - Berita Harian, Bil. 831 (Credits to Rozi D)
Saturday, October 1, 2011 20 comments

Report Writing - Format

The following is an example of report writing based on the real PMR English 2005.

Reports are written using mostly SIMPLE PAST TENSE. Pay attention to the format.

Sample Answer

National Day Celebration in Our School

Write the TITLE of the report

This year our school held a grand National Day celebration on 31 August 2005. It was held in our school field.

  • What was the event?
  • When was it held?
  • Who organized the event?
  • Who were invited?

The event kicked off at 8.00 a.m. All the students and many parents were already gathered around the field. The president of the Parent-Teacher Association officiated the opening ceremony. Then we had the march past. The school band led the march past. Members of the various school societies, uniformed bodies and clubs also took part. The students marched steadily past us in neat rows. They looked smart and patriotic.

After the march past, we had the raising of the flag by the head prefect, Azlan Hashim. The school band played the National Anthem as the flag was raised. Then, we sang several patriotic songs. Even the parents participated.

This was followed by some cultural shows performed on stage erected at one end of the field. There were traditional dances performed by the students. Their costumes were beautiful and the performances were excellent. The students had clearly put in a great of practice. Their efforts paid off well as all the dance steps were brilliantly executed.

The last event that morning was the rhythmic gymnastics performed by the Gymnasts Club. They were very talented and executed a skilful presentation with music, ribbons and hoops. It was very exciting to watch them bend their bodies so effortlessly. Dressed in colourful costumes, they also demonstrated a good sense of timing. The gymnasts managed to throw and catch their apparatus in time. It was an exciting floor show.

Paragraph 2, 3, 4, 5: BODY
  • Write the sequence of the events (tulis turutan peristiwa)
  • One picture - one paragraph. Elaborate on the points for each picture. (Refer to the post on "How to brainstorm ideas")
  • Use sequence connectors
Include the following points:
  • Who were involved?
  • What happened?
  • Where & When it happened
  • Feelings of the people involved?
  • Describe the place / environment / weather using suitable adjectives (if relevant)

Despite the heat that morning, we had a great time. Our National Day celebration was truly a momentous one. The event was a success. It also helped us to appreciate the wonderful country we live in and made us proud to be Malaysians.

Paragraph 6: CONCLUSION
  • Was the event a success?
  • What could be learnt from the event?

By: Leong Soo Chin

Write the WRITER’S NAME 

[Download this topic]
Tuesday, September 27, 2011 7 comments

PMR 2011 Forecast - What will come out in PMR English 2011?

The clock is ticking really fast. PMR is only a few days away. I'm sure most of the PMR candidates have put a lot of effort and time to do their revision. Well done! That means, by God's will, you're fully prepared for any questions that will come out in the examination. 

Nevertheless, I believed that there are some students who have still not done enough preparation yet. Don't worry you still have time to study. You may browse through my blog to get some tips on how to answer PMR English.

Let's get back to the main topic. Does anyone know what will come out in PMR English 2011? Does anyone out there gets any "soalan ramalan"?

Well, like the rest of you, I don't know for sure either. HOWEVER, a very kind acquaintance of mine gave me a few hints on what MIGHT come out in PMR English 2011 (I would say it's a strong hunch from her). Just so you know, she's been teaching English for almost 3 decades! She's also an examiner for PMR & SPM. So, her hunches could be taken into your kind consideration :)

First and foremost, you should study everything but FOCUS more on the following topics: 

Paper 1:

Paper 2:
Based on the trend of questions that came out in the 2011 PMR trials from most states, SBP & MRSM:

  • Section A (Guided Writing): Report writing related to an event in school (Teacher's Day, National Day, 1Student 1Sport 1 Malaysia, etc.)
  • Section C (Literature): Questions related to events in the story, the theme of determination & lesson learnt

Strive for the best! Good Luck ^_^

Thanks Nor..PMR candidates would really appreciate it.
    Wednesday, September 21, 2011 6 comments

    PMR Writing Tips - What To Do When You Are Stuck?

    Here's a situation:

    Amira was in the middle of writing an essay in an exam. Suddenly, her writing got stuck. She could'nt get the right English vocab for the word "berkhasiat". She thought really hard for the correct word but in vain. Finally, she gave up and wrote "Fruits are berkhasiat for us to eat."

    Does Amira's situation sound familiar?

    What can you do if you face the same problem like Amira? What is the best solution in overcoming the above situation without feeling worried of losing marks? 

    The answer is - SIMPLIFY!

    Step 1
    Let's say you don't know the word "berkhasiat", which means nutritious in English, but you know that something which is "berkhasiat" is "baik". 

    Step 2:
    The word "baik" means "good" in English.

    If you are trying to write/say that "Fruits are berkhasiat for us to eat", you can write/say "Fruits are good for us to eat."

    Here's another example:
    The rich man menyumbangkan (contributed) a lot of money to the poor every year.

    Step 1:
    The word "menyumbangkan" is related to "benda yang baik" and "memberi sesuatu".

    Step 2:
    "benda yang baik" means "good".
    "memberi sesuatu" means "gives

    "The rich man menyumbangkan a lot of money to the poor every year" can be simplified as,
    "The rich man is a good man. He gives a lot of money to the poor every year."

    Did you get the idea?

    REMEMBER! When you don't know a word in English, always SIMPLIFY
    ! You'll never get stuck anymore :)

    Good Luck! 

    I would like to say thanks to Coach Sha & Coach Ridz (above picture) for giving the tips on simplifying during the Fasih Bahasa Inggeris Seminar (FBI) that was conducted in my school last few months. Both of you are indeed the best! If you would like to learn more tips on how to improve your English the "selamba" way, you can invite Coach Sha & Coach Ridz to your school.
    Sunday, September 18, 2011 8 comments

    Gempur PMR English 2011 by JPN Perak

    A good friend of mine, Miss Mumu of SABK Maahad Al-Imam Asy-Syafiee, has kindly shared with me the Gempur PMR English materials 2011 which she received from a programme organised by Perak Education Department (JPN Perak). The materials were prepared by the experienced teachers who teach in Perak.
    Great knowledge would only be worthless if they are not shared with the right people. So, I've put all the materials in my blog and teachers can download them at the given links. Feel free to adopt and adapt the materials to suit the English level of your students.
    Gempur PMR English - Part 1 [Download Part 1
    Part 1 consists of 1 folder & 11 PowerPoint slides prepared by Great Teacher Yau:
    1. Grammar : Adjectives
    2. Grammar : Articles
    3. Grammar : Nouns
    4. Grammar : Simple Past Tense
    5. Grammar : Subject-Verb Agreement
    6. Grammar : Verbs
    7. Sentence Patterns
    8. Sentence Pattern : S + T + A
    9. Sentence Pattern : S + V + O
    10. Sentence Pattern : There is + S + place
    11. Approaches For Weak Students
    12. Jazz Chants Folder

    Gempur PMR English - Part 2 [Download Part 2
    Part 2 consists of 3 Word Documents & 3 PowerPoint slides prepared by Great Teacher Sharifah of MCKK:
    1. Band descriptors & sample essays
    2. Guided essay module 2011
    3. How to answer a question on novels (Prisoner of Zenda)
    4. Literature (Prisoner of Zenda)
    5. PMR Guided Essay 2010
    6. Summary PMR JPN 2011

    Gempur PMR English - Part 3 [Download Part 3
    Part 3 consists of 1 Word Document & 5 PowerPoint slides on:
    1. PMR English Tips by Great Teacher Linda (MCKK)
    2. PMR English Tips by Great Teacher Khairun Nisa (SABK Maahad  Al Tarbiah  Al Islamiah)
    3. PMR English Tips by Great Teacher Sahila (SMK Ambrose)
    4. PMR English Tips by Great Teacher K.Kumaravadivelan, PPT (SMK St. Anthony)
    5. PMR English Tips by Great Teacher Khalidah (SMK Seri Kandi)
    6. REACT Module Page 162 & 164 (Prisoner of Zenda)

    Credits to
    1. Perak Education Department
    2. All great teachers who had tirelessly prepared the informative & invaluable materials
    3. Last but but not least my dearest friend, Miss Mumu, for sharing these materials with all English teachers in Malaysia
    Saturday, September 17, 2011 0 comments

    Common mistakes students do in writing

    The following are 5 common mistakes that students normally make in writing:

    Type of mistakes made
    Spelling of pronouns
    i, u

    i hope u could join us.
    I, You

    I hope you could join us.

    Stringing of sentences
    To combine more then 3 simple sentences in a sentence.

    Phobias can limit a person's activities of daily living and may cause nausea and depression also cause anxiety and even panic.

    Do not write lengthy sentences and try to keep them simple.

    Phobias can limit a person's activities of daily living. They may cause nausea and depression. This disorder can also cause anxiety and even panic.
    The use of contractions
    Do not use contractions such as I'm, don't, couldn't, etc to answer most PMR Paper 2 questions.
    Contractions can only be used in writing dialogues and informal letters.

    The use of modals + also
    also can, also will, etc.

    Phobias also can cause anxiety and panic.
    can also, will also, etc.

    Phobias can also cause anxiety and panic.

    I used with a group of people
    I and my family...
    I and my friends...

    I and my family are fine.
    My family and I...
    My friends and I...

    My family and I are fine.

    [Credits to Pn Z.Z of SMKD, Sepang] 

    PMR Writing Tips - Brainstorming for ideas

    For PMR Paper 2 - Section A, students are required to write an essay based on a series of pictures or notes.

    An example of PMR-type question based on a series of notes. 
    (Click on the picture to enlarge)

    A PMR 2006 question based on a series of pictures & notes. 
    (Click on the picture to enlarge)

    The basic steps to answer this type of question are:
    1. Read & understand the question.
    2. Brainstorm ideas.
    3. Write the essay in an organised paragraphs. Write at least 5 sentences for each paragraph.
    4. Re-read the essay to check on your grammar and spelling.

    Although the pictures/notes are given, a lot of students still have difficulties of finding ideas on what to write in their essay.

    How to find ideas? The answer is BRAINSTORMING!

    In this post, I'll show you how brainstorming can be a great help in elaborating the points/information given to write an essay. 

    Ways to brainstorm ideas are discussed as follows:

    1. Find the words related to the given words.

    Let's say the word given is "holiday". So, think of other words which could be related to the word "holiday". For example:

    (Click on the picture to enlarge)

    Use the new words to write sentences for your essay. For example:

              School holidays came again. That means, there were no school and there will be a lot of free time. Students and teachers used this precious time to relax their mind. This was the time where most families planned some family activities such as going for a vacation or camping at any place of interest. 

    2. Use "Mr. How & his 5 wives" technique.

    This technique refers to the "wh questions" such as:
    • Where?
    • When?
    • Who?
    • Why?
    • What?
    • How?

    By using the following picture, form as many questions as you can using the "wh questions".

    (Click on the picture to enlarge)

    • Where did they travel to?
    • When did they go?
    • Who were in the car?
    • Why did they go there?
    • What were the children/mother/father doing in the car?
    • How was the weather?
    • How was the road condition?
    The answer to each question will be the sentences that you can write for your essay.

    Sample answer to each of the above question:

    Where did they travel to? 
    They travelled to Melaka.

    When did they go? 
    They went to Melaka during the school holidays.

    Who were in the car? 
    In the car, there were his father, Encik Jamil, his mother, Puan Sara, Johan and his younger sister, Lily.

    Why did they go there?
    They went to Melaka to attend a wedding.

    What were the children/mother/father doing in the car?
    Encik Jamil was driving while Puan Sara listening to the radio. Johan and Lily was chatting happily with each other. 

    How was the weather?
    The weather was sunny and the sky was blue.

    How was the road condition?
    The road was quite bumpy.

    The paragraph will look like this:

              During the holidays, Johan and his family travelled to Melaka. They went to Melaka to attend a wedding. In the car, there were his father, Encik Jamil, his mother, Puan Sara, Johan and his younger sister, Lily. Encik Jamil was driving while Puan Sara was listening to the radio. Johan and Lily was chatting happily with each other. The weather was sunny and the sky was blue. The road was quite bumpy.   
    3. Observe the picture and list what you see.

    By using the same picture, list what you can see.

    • a car
    • a boy 
    • a girl 
    • a family
    Use the words to write sentences for your essay.

    4. Utilise all the words and information given in the picture.

    Write sentences by using all the notes given to write your essay.

    Form sentences from the notes given to write your essay.

    I hope you'll find that it's not that difficult to find ideas to write an essay for PMR. You are advised to combine all the techniques which have discussed earlier when writing your essay. Nevertheless, it takes a lot of practice to write a good essay. 

    In exam, spend about 10 minutes to brainstorm ideas for your essay. Don't forget to use your imagination and experience to write a well-elaborated composition.

    I wish you all the best for the coming PMR :)

    [Credits to Pn Z.Z of SMKD, Sepang]